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| Racial problems in the USA
Racial problems in the USA
Racial problems in the
By Bastian Gogolin
Discrimination is still practised in the United States against black
Americans. This discrimination has many causes, which are impoverishment,
criminality and in general things which happened years before, for example
Through this time of slavery, Blacks were suppressed by the white people.
The Blacks had to do lower jobs and they experienced that they were lower
humans. And it is normal that they build up a kind of hate. But the Whites were
superior and because of that the blacks had no chance to compensate this
situation. This period of slavery has last until the middle of the last
Another aspect and a cross reference to the working situation at slavery
times is employment at the present time. But before discussing employment,
unemployment is a major factor to consider. In 1987, the unemployment rate of
blacks was 13 percent. This is more than twice the the rate of white Americans,
which had a 6 percent unemployment rate. It can not be proven however, that
Blacks were discriminatedagainst because they are required under law to be given
equal opportunities as compared to Whites in the job market.
Later in 1992 over 1 million black males were unemployed compared to the 4
million unemployed white males. This may sound good, but only 12 percent of the
American population is black, so the equation does not add up. Also for the
Blacks that are able to get jobs, they don’t get paid near as much as
Whites. In 1992 whtie people an average of $13 more than Blacks.
Discriminatory acts are are also found in the field of education towards
both Blacks and Whites. One way to prove that Blacks here could be discriminated
against too, is the fact that 4 percent more 18 and 19 year old white students
were enrolled in colleges in 1991 than Blacks. An opponent example is that total
in 1991, 2,5 percent more blacks were enrolled in any school level than
The reason for Blacks being discriminated in their education is as well the
fact that admissions offices of colleges and universities don’t have to
accept any single person unless they want to. That is why want to know your race
when you apply there. This is mainly how they discriminate against Blacks.
Because of this, in 1994 only 14 percent of Blacks have degrees beyond high
school, compared to 26 percent of Whites and only 3 percent of Blacks have
advanced degrees, compared to 6 percent of Whites.
Another area of discrimination in the 90‘s is with legal rights. For
this I only found that 6 percent of black males are in prison or jail, compared
to 1 percent of white males. One hypothesis for this discrepancy may be that
many black people are unable to get lawyers to help them, causing them to have
to go to prison. Being unable to get a good lawyer is not discrimination, but
because many have a poor education, and work for low pay due to discrimination,
so their legal representation is inferior. This also contributes to the fact
that more Blacks are sitting on Death Row than Whites, and that 9 out of 10 male
inmates are Blacks.
Those facts named above are an attempt to prove the discrimination in a
statistical way, because these comparisons make clear the Blacks
Now it is time to search for the reasons of racial problems. If somebody is
asked what he occurs to Blacks, first catchwords are criminality, drugs and
With some facts I try to show how these prejudices are achieved. First of
all 80 percent of the black Americans live in cities. At Washington D.C. the
Blacks form the majority by being 64 percent of the total population. Above
named prejudices like poverty and criminality are based on every 3rd
Black living under the poverty line and every 4th Black being in
prison. These existing facts strengthen the prejudices of poverty and
An example for the normal black life is the 29-year-old Denise Marsha. In a
report she describes her impressions and those of her children. The family lives
in the northwest of Washington D.C., in an area where exclusive Blacks live.
There it is normal to hear shots every day. Every of her children has got a
different father. One of these fathers is in prison condemnedfor drug
In a following report, Mark Lewis, one teacher of her daughter Jasmin,
points on the relations existing in American schools: some of the schools have a
policemen which has to guard the entrance. Only this is an indicator for
existing violence. But more a affecting is the fate of the pupils, the
situations where they life in and how they handle with it. One pupils‘
mother is an alcoholic and the other pupil saw his father being shot
Those given facts are characteristics for an unfortunate living. Being
confronted with so much disadvantages every day and at the same time seeing
Whites not having so many problems it is clear that there are many causes of
It seems like the Americans sitting on a powder keg, because every day they
are confronted with those differences.
In 1992 it was a kind of breakout, when indignant Afroamericans began to
plunder districts of Los Angeles. It was a reaction on an acquittal of four
policemen. These policemen have merciless bet up the black Rodney King in front
of a running camera.
Today the American nation is holding up his breath because they know that
many cities with their overcrowded slums could blow up by the least occasion.
But the racial problems are going on...
- 1988 World Book Encyclopedia; p. 33
- 1989 Social Problems (Vol. 20) by LeRoy Barnes; p.
- 1993 Information Please, Almanac; p. 56, 58, 61
- 1994 Information Please, Almanac; p. 42
- Brueckenbauer, Wochenzeitung, Nr. 42 (Okt. 96)
- Die Schule im Ghetto, Internet-Dukument, Dominik